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Assessment in higher education does not only help lecturers determine the level of achieving the course learning outcomes, then determine the level of meeting program learning outcomes but it also is a reason for managers to make decisions about the program and academic staff. Therefore, tools used in student assessment should have appropriate validity, reliability, differentiation and ensure fairness for all students. Rubrics are an assessment tool that satisfies the above requirements. Rubrics are particularly useful when they are used to assess high-level learning outcomes in the Bloom's taxonomy, learning outcomes about soft skills or attitudes of students when other assessment tools depend heavily on the point of examiners’ view and do not guarantee reliability and fairness. This article provides in-depth analysis of the basic steps in the process of developing rubrics, basic techniques for writing a rubric and how to use rubrics in student assessment in higher education.